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Making Their Place
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The collapse of state socialism in eastern and central Europe in 1989 had a dramatic impact on women. Witnessing the loss of state support for their economic activity, the curtailing of their reproductive rights, and the rise of gender ideologies that value women primarily as mothers and wives rather than as active participants in the workforce, women across eastern and central Europe organized on a local level to resist these changes. Making Their Place brings to light how feminist movements in two eastern German cities, Erfurt and Rostock, utilized local understandings of politics and gender to enhance their possibilities for meaningful social change. The book chronicles the specific reasons why place matters, the importance of localized experiences during the socialist era, and how history shapes contemporary identities, cultures, and politics. What emerges is the fascinating story of the different ways people have struggled to define themselves, their values, and their understandings of gender in a period of monumental social, economic, and political upheaval.

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 20.02.2020
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Structuration and Convergence Theory
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Seminar paper from the year 2003 in the subject Communications - Theories, Models, Terms and Definitions, grade: 1,3 (A), University of Erfurt (Communication Science), course: Intercultural Communication, 10 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: The main representant of Structuration Theory is Anthony Giddens who developed the idea of structuration in his book 'The Constitution of Society' written in 1984. The theory wants to explain the ways in which social systems are produced and reproduced in social interaction. In contrast to other social theories, structuration theory claims to explain the relationship between the micro-societal and the macro-societal level. Giddens says that social life is not only explained by individual actions but can on the other hand neither be explained only by looking on macro-level social force. The central proclamation of structuration theory is that the repetition of individual acts reproduces social structures. This means, individuals act on the micro level in order to accomplish their intentions, but these actions have 'unintended consequences of establishing structures that affect our future actions' (Littlejohn, 2002: 152). Like this, human beings can modify these structures by replacing them or reproducing the structures in a different way. Thus, structuration means studying the reproduction of individua l face-to-face interactions on the societal level. The reproductions of the structures is illustrated by Giddens¿ so called 'stratification model of the agent'. At first, there is the motivation of the action, the reason why the agent acts. In the rationalization process, the agent adapts his action to his general theoretical understanding of the basis of his activity. Reflexive monitoring of action means that individuals monitor continously and routinely the social and physical contexts of their actions and the actions themselves. But this monitoring cannot prevent that the actions has some unintended consequences. These can modify the structures the action was placed in and then lead to new unacknowledged conditions of the action. These new conditions influence the following actions and like this close the continous circle.

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 20.02.2020
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Amina Wadud and feminist interpretation of sura...
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Seminar paper from the year 2007 in the subject Orientalism / Sinology - Islamic Studies, grade: 1,0, University of Erfurt, 16 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: The paper introduces the North-American Muslim scholar and feminist Amina Wadud. Her work is focused on finding ways to produce a gender-conscious tafsir of the Qur'an based on hermeneutic methodology. She wants to show how the egalitarian quranic principles concerning women have been distorted through the history of exegesis. Those principles have to be re-examined to achieve an understanding of the revelation that is appropriate for modern times. Her perspective is related to general Islamic feminist discourse and its opinion concerning quranic exegesis. The methodological approach used by Wadud concentrates on four points: the reader as subject, the Arabic language as barrier to interpretation, historical contextualization and gender as interpretive category. Her own exegesis arrives at a egalitarian interpretation of the Qur'an that contradicts tafsir tradition and caused heated discussions in the global Muslim community in recent years.

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 20.02.2020
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Is there a sensitive period in second language ...
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Seminar paper from the year 2011 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 1,0, University of Erfurt (Philosophische Fakultät - Fachbereich Anglistik), course: Second Language Acquisition, language: English, abstract: 'A tree must be bent while it is young.' (Proverb) Proverbs usually have an element of truth. The German speakers will certainly also know the German equivalent 'Was Hänschen nicht lernt, lernt Hans nimmermehr.' Do these proverbs also apply to the acquisition of a second language? Are young learners trees that 'must be bent' before they are too old to reach a certain language proficiency? In first and second language research, the concept of a 'critical period' respectively of a 'sensitive period' was developed to explain probable advantages of children in the process of language acquisition. The aim of this term paper is to find out whether there is a sensitive period for second language learning and to explore possible explanatory approaches. Within this research, the 'Critical Period Hypothesis' (CPH) represents the major focus. According to this hypothesis, 'there is a period during which language acquisition is easy and complete (i.e. native-speaker ability is achieved) and beyond which it is difficult and typically incomplete' (ELLIS, 1997: 67). This means, it is assumed that language learners must begin at an early age to learn a language in order to reach native-like proficiency. Generally, empirical data from course books, handbook articles and journal articles as well as commentaries by different authors are used in order to follow the research question up. First, a framework concerning the origins of the idea of a sensitive period from first language acquisition, and the clarification of particular terms will be created. Then, the distinction between possible advantages of young learners in natural as well as instructional settings will be of interest. The findings on a critical or sensitive period have also found their ways into the pedagogical practice. It is obvious that especially bilingual kindergartens, that promote an early start in language learning in general, will somehow refer to the idea of a sensitive period in second language acquisition. Therefore, the second part of this term paper will present an analysis of pedagogical concepts of these kinds of day care institutions with respect to the integration of this idea. Website information of different bilingual kindergartens will serve as sources.

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 20.02.2020
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The Teaching of Vocabulary in the Primary Schoo...
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Seminar paper from the year 2003 in the subject English - Pedagogy, Didactics, Literature Studies, grade: 2.0, University of Erfurt, 17 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: In dieser 26-seitigen Hausarbeit geht es um das Unterrichten von Vokabeln (= Wortschatzarbeit) im Fremdsprachenunterricht der Grundschule. Die Hausarbeit ist in englischer Sprache verfasst. Das Inhaltsverzeichnis gibt Einblick in die detaillierte Aufarbeitung des Themas: I. INTRODUCTION II. MAIN PART 1. The Importance of Teaching Vocabulary 1.1. Vocabulary Development in the Primary Grades 1.2. Educator's View on Teaching Vocabulary 1.3. Memory and Storage Systems 1.4. Why Vocabulary is Important 1.5. Levels of Word Knowledge 2. Teaching Vocabulary 2.1. Which Words Should be Taught 2.1.1. Basic Functional Vocabulary 2.2. Ways of Teaching Vocabulary 2.2.1. Strategies 2.2.2. Teaching Concepts 2.2.3. Teaching Methods 2.2.4. Specific Approaches to Teaching Oral Language 2.2.4.1. Nursery Rhymes 2.2.4.2. Situational Games 2.2.4.3. Picture Talks 2.2.4.4. Stories 2.2.4.5. Playlets 2.2.4.6. Dialogue 2.2.5. Different Learning Styles 2.3. Pronunciation 2.4. Definitions Help to Built Up Vocabulary 2.5. The Importance of Practice 2.6. Assessment III. CONCLUSION IV. REFERENCES V. APPENDIX: Practical Activities for Vocabulary Learning

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 20.02.2020
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Morphological change in derivation: The use of ...
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Seminar paper from the year 2012 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, printed single-sided, grade: 1,0, University of Erfurt (Philosophische Fakultät), course: Historical Perspective on Present Day English, language: English, abstract: The Norman Conquest in 1066 was not only an important event in the history of England, but also had a great impact on the English language (cf. e.g. Baugh & Cable 2004: 108 ff.; Faiß 1992: 68). Besides various other changes in the English language system, which will not be discussed here in further detail, many French words were borrowed into English. Some of the French suffixes contained in complex loan words subsequently became productive in English derivation (cf. e.g. Bauer 1993: 225 f.; Faiß 1992: 3; Marchand 1969: 210 f.). However, I argue that the ways in which these suffixes were employed in English word-formation vary greatly (cf. e.g. Marchand 1969: 210 f.). While some of the borrowed suffixes were extensively used in English derivation, others remained largely restricted. This will be illustrated by describing how the borrowed French suffixes -ment and -ure were integrated into the English system of word-formation. Special attention will be paid to the word class and etymological origin of the bases -ment and -ure were combined with. Although sociolinguistic factors might also influence how foreign suffixes were used in derivational processes of word-formation (cf. van Loon 2005: xiii), this term paper will focus on language-internal, morphological factors only.

Anbieter: Thalia AT
Stand: 20.02.2020
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Making Their Place
76,99 € *
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The collapse of state socialism in eastern and central Europe in 1989 had a dramatic impact on women. Witnessing the loss of state support for their economic activity, the curtailing of their reproductive rights, and the rise of gender ideologies that value women primarily as mothers and wives rather than as active participants in the workforce, women across eastern and central Europe organized on a local level to resist these changes. Making Their Place brings to light how feminist movements in two eastern German cities, Erfurt and Rostock, utilized local understandings of politics and gender to enhance their possibilities for meaningful social change. The book chronicles the specific reasons why place matters, the importance of localized experiences during the socialist era, and how history shapes contemporary identities, cultures, and politics. What emerges is the fascinating story of the different ways people have struggled to define themselves, their values, and their understandings of gender in a period of monumental social, economic, and political upheaval.

Anbieter: Thalia AT
Stand: 20.02.2020
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Making Their Place: Feminism After Socialism in...
31,99 € *
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The collapse of state socialism in eastern and central Europe in 1989 had a dramatic impact on women. Witnessing the loss of state support for their economic activity, the curtailing of their reproductive rights, and the rise of gender ideologies that value women primarily as mothers and wives rather than as active participants in the workforce, women across eastern and central Europe organized on a local level to resist these changes. Making Their Place brings to light how feminist movements in two eastern German cities, Erfurt and Rostock, utilized local understandings of politics and gender to enhance their possibilities for meaningful social change. The book chronicles the specific reasons why place matters, the importance of localized experiences during the socialist era, and how history shapes contemporary identities, cultures, and politics. What emerges is the fascinating story of the different ways people have struggled to define themselves, their values, and their understandings of gender in a period of monumental social, economic, and political upheaval.

Anbieter: Thalia AT
Stand: 20.02.2020
Zum Angebot
The Teaching of Vocabulary in the Primary Schoo...
12,99 € *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

Seminar paper from the year 2003 in the subject English - Pedagogy, Didactics, Literature Studies, grade: 2.0, University of Erfurt, 17 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: In dieser 26-seitigen Hausarbeit geht es um das Unterrichten von Vokabeln (= Wortschatzarbeit) im Fremdsprachenunterricht der Grundschule. Die Hausarbeit ist in englischer Sprache verfasst. Das Inhaltsverzeichnis gibt Einblick in die detaillierte Aufarbeitung des Themas: I. INTRODUCTION II. MAIN PART 1. The Importance of Teaching Vocabulary 1.1. Vocabulary Development in the Primary Grades 1.2. Educator's View on Teaching Vocabulary 1.3. Memory and Storage Systems 1.4. Why Vocabulary is Important 1.5. Levels of Word Knowledge 2. Teaching Vocabulary 2.1. Which Words Should be Taught 2.1.1. Basic Functional Vocabulary 2.2. Ways of Teaching Vocabulary 2.2.1. Strategies 2.2.2. Teaching Concepts 2.2.3. Teaching Methods 2.2.4. Specific Approaches to Teaching Oral Language 2.2.4.1. Nursery Rhymes 2.2.4.2. Situational Games 2.2.4.3. Picture Talks 2.2.4.4. Stories 2.2.4.5. Playlets 2.2.4.6. Dialogue 2.2.5. Different Learning Styles 2.3. Pronunciation 2.4. Definitions Help to Built Up Vocabulary 2.5. The Importance of Practice 2.6. Assessment III. CONCLUSION IV. REFERENCES V. APPENDIX: Practical Activities for Vocabulary Learning

Anbieter: Thalia AT
Stand: 20.02.2020
Zum Angebot