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Urban Religion (eBook, PDF)
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So far religion has been seen as cause for dramatic developments in the history of cities, it has contributed to the monumentalisation of centres and or has given importance to ex-centric places. Very recently, anthropologists have been discovering religion in the contemporary global city. But still awaiting historical investigation is the specific urban character of religious ideas, practices and institutions and the role of urban space shaping this very 'religion' in the course of history. The time-span from the Hellenistic age to Late Antiquity was crucial in the establishment of concepts and institutions of 'religion' and witnessed extended waves of urbanisation, Rome being central to this. In addressing this problem, this book fills a significant gap in the scholarship on urban religion across time. Taking seriously the proposition that space is condition, medium and outcome of social relations, the development of 'urban religion' in lived urban space and urban culture or urbanity offers a lens onto processes of religious change that have been neglected for the history of religion and for the study of urbanism. The key thesis is that city-space engineered the major changes that revolutionised religions. »This stimulating book makes use of archaeology and history to address religion as an essential component of urban life in both the past and the present. -With a strong basis in the ancient Mediterranean as well as an insightful view of modern urban life, Rüpke emphasizes that the practice and performance of religion at the everyday level is as essential in the creation of an urban ethos as the grand temples and institutions promulgated by the elite.« Monica L. Smith, author of Cities: The First 6,000 Years »Jörg Rüpke offers a characteristically original and learned series of reflections on some of the many ways in which the history of religions and the history of cities might be entangled. Urban Religion offers no single overarching thesis, but it is consistently thought-provoking and suggests many intriguing lines of investigation for the future.« Greg Woolf, Institute of Classical Studies, London Jörg Rüpke, University of Erfurt, Germany.

Anbieter: buecher
Stand: 28.11.2020
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Death Idioms in the English and German language
13,99 € *
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Seminar paper from the year 2014 in the subject German Studies - Comparative Literature, grade: 2,3, University of Erfurt, course: Contrastive Linguistics, language: English, abstract: This paper consists of two major parts, a theoretical framework and a contrastive analysis of idioms of death in the English and German language. The first part deals with the linguistic definition of the term "idiom", including possibilities for their classification. The second section of the first part is going to present the concept of euphemism followed by a brief explanation and categorization of metaphors and the attempt of giving possible reasons for the maintaining taboo of death in western culture. The purpose of the second part of this paper is to analyze and compare a number of English and German idioms of death contrastively, in order to identify lexical and semantic similarities, including the investigation of the origin of certain expressions. Subsequently, a short closing reflection will end up this paper.As death plays a significant role not only in western society but in communities all around the globe, idioms related to death became an important tool in human communication. But what is the actual purpose of using paraphrases in order to relate to death in an utterance? Why do idioms of death have a cultural importance and how is an idiom actually defined? Do certain idioms of death have the same semantic meaning in other languages?Human communication has created a great number of idioms and figures of speech which range throughout every section of the daily life and appear in every situation possible. As this phenomenon indeed shows its importance, linguists have created the field of phraseology to investigate such expressions. Based on language contact and historical events, many idioms have synonyms and equivalent counterparts in several languages. Learning the specific idioms related to a certain culture helps to get to know more about the history, ethics and social values of a certain community.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 28.11.2020
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Globalisation and media in the Arab world
10,99 € *
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Seminar paper from the year 2005 in the subject History - Asia, grade: 1,7, University of Erfurt, course: Globalisation and the Muslim World, 7 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: The focus of this paper is the media system of the Arab world, its development, and the local and global factors that have had considerable influence during the last years. Different theories question the importance of communication and media for globalisation and vice versa, therefore the existence of a global communication network or global media and the participation of the Arab world in the global media evolution is observed. In the last fifty years print media, television, and internet have proven to be important agents of social change even if their development has always been accompanied by censorship arrangements in the different political systems of the region. The Arab world has not been isolated from global changes in the media sector. Mass media, especially the Internet, and their importance for global economy are seen as motor of globalization but capital and technology are expanding faster than the development of trans-cultural communication is able to. This displacement in the action-reaction chain can be observed in the way global content and media are domesticised, transformed, controlled and rejected in the Arab countries and how important topics like cultural imperialism, indigenous values, international norms of journalism, and freedom of speech are discussed and negotiated in these societies.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 28.11.2020
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Internet Advertising
8,99 € *
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Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2008 im Fachbereich VWL - Mikroökonomie, allgemein, Note: 1,3, Universität Erfurt (Staatswissenschaften - Wirtschaftswissenschaften), Veranstaltung: Applied Microeconomics, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: According to a recent study from the Nielsen Media Research, only 2.9 per cent of the whole advertising budget in Germany was spent in Internet Marketing in 2006. A number that is -compared to TV (34.7 per cent) and print media (39.8 per cent) - still relatively small. Yet the market for Internet Advertising marginally records a significant growth within the last years. In 2001 the online spendings totalled up to 211 million Euros. Five years later this number already increased threefold to 692 million Euros. Considering the rapid spread and growing importance of the Internet it is foreseeable that also the market for Internet Advertising will further expand - posing therefore new challenges not only to advertisers. From the economic perspective the question appears if classical approaches and assumptions also apply for the market of Internet Advertising. The paper surveys Internet Advertising in general. It observes the historical development of Internet Advertising, compares search goods and experience goods, distinguishes in this respect informational from persuasive advertising and finally defines factors that influence the welfare of society.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 28.11.2020
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Idioms of : An onomasiological approach
18,90 CHF *
zzgl. 3,50 CHF Versand

Seminar paper from the year 2010 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 2,0, University of Erfurt, language: English, abstract: By definition, 'idioms are not expected to behave linguistically as phrases but as long words' (Moreno 2007:177) and are not awaited to allow internal transformation. Idioms appear as isolated lexical units. They are linguistic expressions and involve metaphors, metonymies, pairs of words, idioms with it, similes, sayings, phrasal verbs, grammatical idioms and they 'are assumed to be a matter of language alone' (Kövecses 2002:199). According to the Oxford Dictionary of Idioms (ODI), the English word idiom derives from the Greek word idios meaning 'private, peculiar to oneself'. An idiom 'is a form of ex-pression or a phrase peculiar to a language and approved by the usage of that language, and it often has a signification other than its grammatical or logical one' (ODI 1999). These expres-sions have become rigid within the language. They are used in a fixed way without reference to the literal meaning of their component words. The common phenomenon that the meaning of an expression is difficult or even impossi-ble to deduce from the meaning of the components it is composed of is called Idiomaticity (Fiedler 2007:22). The meaning of the components is difficult to derive because of the arbi-trariness in form and meaning. However, if idioms were arbitrary, they would not be moti-vated. The aim of this term paper is to observe the motivation of idioms of and thereby determine that idioms are not arbitrary. Therefore, chapter 2.1 presents an overview of idioms and motivation, especially metaphorically motivated expressions (chapter 2.1.2). Prediction and motivation will be distinguished in chapter 2.1.1. The emotion and the difference between this term and the related word will be described in chapter 2.1.3 to sim-plify the importance of distinguishing the different meanings of terms of . Eventually, the onomasiological approach will be discussed in chapter 2.2. Therefore, I will give examples of idioms of and in English as well as in German and observe their kinds of motivation. According to Kövecses (2002:202), the motivation of idioms arises from meta-phor, metonymy and conventional knowledge. This sentence shall present my hypothesis for this term paper.

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 28.11.2020
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Making Their Place
102,00 CHF *
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The collapse of state socialism in eastern and central Europe in 1989 had a dramatic impact on women. Witnessing the loss of state support for their economic activity, the curtailing of their reproductive rights, and the rise of gender ideologies that value women primarily as mothers and wives rather than as active participants in the workforce, women across eastern and central Europe organized on a local level to resist these changes. Making Their Place brings to light how feminist movements in two eastern German cities, Erfurt and Rostock, utilized local understandings of politics and gender to enhance their possibilities for meaningful social change. The book chronicles the specific reasons why place matters, the importance of localized experiences during the socialist era, and how history shapes contemporary identities, cultures, and politics. What emerges is the fascinating story of the different ways people have struggled to define themselves, their values, and their understandings of gender in a period of monumental social, economic, and political upheaval.

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 28.11.2020
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Globalisation and media in the Arab world
9,90 CHF *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

Seminar paper from the year 2005 in the subject History - Asia, grade: 1,7, University of Erfurt, course: Globalisation and the Muslim World, 7 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: The focus of this paper is the media system of the Arab world, its development, and the local and global factors that have had considerable influence during the last years. Different theories question the importance of communication and media for globalisation and vice versa, therefore the existence of a global communication network or global media and the participation of the Arab world in the global media evolution is observed. In the last fifty years print media, television, and internet have proven to be important agents of social change even if their development has always been accompanied by censorship arrangements in the different political systems of the region. The Arab world has not been isolated from global changes in the media sector. Mass media, especially the Internet, and their importance for global economy are seen as motor of globalization but capital and technology are expanding faster than the development of trans-cultural communication is able to. This displacement in the action-reaction chain can be observed in the way global content and media are domesticised, transformed, controlled and rejected in the Arab countries and how important topics like cultural imperialism, indigenous values, international norms of journalism, and freedom of speech are discussed and negotiated in these societies.

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 28.11.2020
Zum Angebot
The Teaching of Vocabulary in the Primary Schoo...
14,90 CHF *
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Seminar paper from the year 2003 in the subject English - Pedagogy, Didactics, Literature Studies, grade: 2.0, University of Erfurt, 17 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: In dieser 26-seitigen Hausarbeit geht es um das Unterrichten von Vokabeln (= Wortschatzarbeit) im Fremdsprachenunterricht der Grundschule. Die Hausarbeit ist in englischer Sprache verfasst. Das Inhaltsverzeichnis gibt Einblick in die detaillierte Aufarbeitung des Themas: I. INTRODUCTION II. MAIN PART 1. The Importance of Teaching Vocabulary 1.1. Vocabulary Development in the Primary Grades 1.2. Educator's View on Teaching Vocabulary 1.3. Memory and Storage Systems 1.4. Why Vocabulary is Important 1.5. Levels of Word Knowledge 2. Teaching Vocabulary 2.1. Which Words Should be Taught 2.1.1. Basic Functional Vocabulary 2.2. Ways of Teaching Vocabulary 2.2.1. Strategies 2.2.2. Teaching Concepts 2.2.3. Teaching Methods 2.2.4. Specific Approaches to Teaching Oral Language 2.2.4.1. Nursery Rhymes 2.2.4.2. Situational Games 2.2.4.3. Picture Talks 2.2.4.4. Stories 2.2.4.5. Playlets 2.2.4.6. Dialogue 2.2.5. Different Learning Styles 2.3. Pronunciation 2.4. Definitions Help to Built Up Vocabulary 2.5. The Importance of Practice 2.6. Assessment III. CONCLUSION IV. REFERENCES V. APPENDIX: Practical Activities for Vocabulary Learning

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 28.11.2020
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Idioms of : An onomasiological approach
11,30 € *
zzgl. 3,00 € Versand

Seminar paper from the year 2010 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 2,0, University of Erfurt, language: English, abstract: By definition, 'idioms are not expected to behave linguistically as phrases but as long words' (Moreno 2007:177) and are not awaited to allow internal transformation. Idioms appear as isolated lexical units. They are linguistic expressions and involve metaphors, metonymies, pairs of words, idioms with it, similes, sayings, phrasal verbs, grammatical idioms and they 'are assumed to be a matter of language alone' (Kövecses 2002:199). According to the Oxford Dictionary of Idioms (ODI), the English word idiom derives from the Greek word idios meaning 'private, peculiar to oneself'. An idiom 'is a form of ex-pression or a phrase peculiar to a language and approved by the usage of that language, and it often has a signification other than its grammatical or logical one' (ODI 1999). These expres-sions have become rigid within the language. They are used in a fixed way without reference to the literal meaning of their component words. The common phenomenon that the meaning of an expression is difficult or even impossi-ble to deduce from the meaning of the components it is composed of is called Idiomaticity (Fiedler 2007:22). The meaning of the components is difficult to derive because of the arbi-trariness in form and meaning. However, if idioms were arbitrary, they would not be moti-vated. The aim of this term paper is to observe the motivation of idioms of and thereby determine that idioms are not arbitrary. Therefore, chapter 2.1 presents an overview of idioms and motivation, especially metaphorically motivated expressions (chapter 2.1.2). Prediction and motivation will be distinguished in chapter 2.1.1. The emotion and the difference between this term and the related word will be described in chapter 2.1.3 to sim-plify the importance of distinguishing the different meanings of terms of . Eventually, the onomasiological approach will be discussed in chapter 2.2. Therefore, I will give examples of idioms of and in English as well as in German and observe their kinds of motivation. According to Kövecses (2002:202), the motivation of idioms arises from meta-phor, metonymy and conventional knowledge. This sentence shall present my hypothesis for this term paper.

Anbieter: Thalia AT
Stand: 28.11.2020
Zum Angebot