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Is there a sensitive period in second language ...
22,90 CHF *
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Seminar paper from the year 2011 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 1,0, University of Erfurt (Philosophische Fakultät - Fachbereich Anglistik), course: Second Language Acquisition, language: English, abstract: 'A tree must be bent while it is young.' (Proverb) Proverbs usually have an element of truth. The German speakers will certainly also know the German equivalent 'Was Hänschen nicht lernt, lernt Hans nimmermehr.' Do these proverbs also apply to the acquisition of a second language? Are young learners trees that 'must be bent' before they are too old to reach a certain language proficiency? In first and second language research, the concept of a 'critical period' respectively of a 'sensitive period' was developed to explain probable advantages of children in the process of language acquisition. The aim of this term paper is to find out whether there is a sensitive period for second language learning and to explore possible explanatory approaches. Within this research, the 'Critical Period Hypothesis' (CPH) represents the major focus. According to this hypothesis, 'there is a period during which language acquisition is easy and complete (i.e. native-speaker ability is achieved) and beyond which it is difficult and typically incomplete' (ELLIS, 1997: 67). This means, it is assumed that language learners must begin at an early age to learn a language in order to reach native-like proficiency. Generally, empirical data from course books, handbook articles and journal articles as well as commentaries by different authors are used in order to follow the research question up. First, a framework concerning the origins of the idea of a sensitive period from first language acquisition, and the clarification of particular terms will be created. Then, the distinction between possible advantages of young learners in natural as well as instructional settings will be of interest. T

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 10.08.2020
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Is there a sensitive period in second language ...
13,90 CHF *
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Seminar paper from the year 2011 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 1,0, University of Erfurt (Philosophische Fakultät - Fachbereich Anglistik), course: Second Language Acquisition, language: English, abstract: 'A tree must be bent while it is young.' (Proverb) Proverbs usually have an element of truth. The German speakers will certainly also know the German equivalent 'Was Hänschen nicht lernt, lernt Hans nimmermehr.' Do these proverbs also apply to the acquisition of a second language? Are young learners trees that 'must be bent' before they are too old to reach a certain language proficiency? In first and second language research, the concept of a 'critical period' respectively of a 'sensitive period' was developed to explain probable advantages of children in the process of language acquisition. The aim of this term paper is to find out whether there is a sensitive period for second language learning and to explore possible explanatory approaches. Within this research, the 'Critical Period Hypothesis' (CPH) represents the major focus. According to this hypothesis, 'there is a period during which language acquisition is easy and complete (i.e. native-speaker ability is achieved) and beyond which it is difficult and typically incomplete' (ELLIS, 1997: 67). This means, it is assumed that language learners must begin at an early age to learn a language in order to reach native-like proficiency. Generally, empirical data from course books, handbook articles and journal articles as well as commentaries by different authors are used in order to follow the research question up. First, a framework concerning the origins of the idea of a sensitive period from first language acquisition, and the clarification of particular terms will be created. Then, the distinction between possible advantages of young learners in natural as well as instructional settings will be of interest. The findings on a critical or sensitive period have also found their ways into the pedagogical practice. It is obvious that especially bilingual kindergartens, that promote an early start in language learning in general, will somehow refer to the idea of a sensitive period in second language acquisition. Therefore, the second part of this term paper will present an analysis of pedagogical concepts of these kinds of day care institutions with respect to the integration of this idea. Website information of different bilingual kindergartens will serve as sources.

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 10.08.2020
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Fliegende Blätter
203,60 € *
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The upsurge in publishing in the sixteenth century turned the Reformation into a media event, and printed products of every kind superseded the communication methods used thus far. Alongside printed books and leaflets, flyers were particularly successful in reaching their audiences as an easily affordable information medium. Renowned artists such as Hans Sebald Beham, Lucas Cranach Sr, Lucas Cranach Jr, Albrecht Dürer, Michael Ostendorfer, Georg Pencz and Niklas Stör produced the woodcuts for these single-sheet prints, which thematised the political, religious and societal happenings of the time. Portraits of protagonists, such as Luther and Melanchthon, Karl V. and John Frederick the Magnanimous, but also fables and proverbs as well as reports on miracles and celestial phenomena, abnormalities, catastrophes and crime all found their platform in these pages. One of the largest German collections of illustrated single-sheet prints in the Palace Museum of the Stiftung Schloss Friedenstein in Gotha, whose beginnings reach back to the sixteenth century, provides a rich treasure trove of prints that informed the Reformation. Once received as pure consumer goods, the Gotha inventory of around 700 flyers from 1480 to 1599 is today considered unprecedented. Now for the first time it has been published in its entirety. The development of the complete inventory originated within the work of the Project Group Reformation History with the involvement of the Theological Faculty of the Friedrich Schiller University Jena, the Gotha research library affiliated to the University of Erfurt, and the Stiftung Schloss Friedenstein Gotha.

Anbieter: Thalia AT
Stand: 10.08.2020
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Is there a sensitive period in second language ...
14,40 € *
zzgl. 3,00 € Versand

Seminar paper from the year 2011 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 1,0, University of Erfurt (Philosophische Fakultät - Fachbereich Anglistik), course: Second Language Acquisition, language: English, abstract: 'A tree must be bent while it is young.' (Proverb) Proverbs usually have an element of truth. The German speakers will certainly also know the German equivalent 'Was Hänschen nicht lernt, lernt Hans nimmermehr.' Do these proverbs also apply to the acquisition of a second language? Are young learners trees that 'must be bent' before they are too old to reach a certain language proficiency? In first and second language research, the concept of a 'critical period' respectively of a 'sensitive period' was developed to explain probable advantages of children in the process of language acquisition. The aim of this term paper is to find out whether there is a sensitive period for second language learning and to explore possible explanatory approaches. Within this research, the 'Critical Period Hypothesis' (CPH) represents the major focus. According to this hypothesis, 'there is a period during which language acquisition is easy and complete (i.e. native-speaker ability is achieved) and beyond which it is difficult and typically incomplete' (ELLIS, 1997: 67). This means, it is assumed that language learners must begin at an early age to learn a language in order to reach native-like proficiency. Generally, empirical data from course books, handbook articles and journal articles as well as commentaries by different authors are used in order to follow the research question up. First, a framework concerning the origins of the idea of a sensitive period from first language acquisition, and the clarification of particular terms will be created. Then, the distinction between possible advantages of young learners in natural as well as instructional settings will be of interest. T

Anbieter: Thalia AT
Stand: 10.08.2020
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Complete Organ Music
11,99 € *
zzgl. 3,00 € Versand

A previous Brilliant Classics release from the organist Sergio Militello (BC94483) offered an attractive taster course to the music of the most distinguished family in music history. Now, having recorded the complete organ works of both the family's supreme craftsman and genius (BC95105), and a North-German predecessor Johann Kuhnau (BC95089), Stefano Molardi turns his attention to two earlier members of the Bach family who have inevitably been obscured by the shadow cast by Johann Sebastian. In fact as uncle to JS, Johann Christoph Bach exercised a significant influence over his musical education, as composer, organist and indeed organ-designer. Sacred vocal works such as the Requiem have been revived in recent times, but the scant surviving proportion of his keyboard music has received too little critical attention. They comprise a prelude and fugue, and three cycles of variations on chorales. The 'free' pieces reveal an inventive spirit, fantasy, a certain skill in handling counterpoint and the use of expressive devices which show him no less open than his nephew to the exuberant vitality of the Italian tradition represented by Frescobaldi and Monteverdi. Brother of Johann Christoph, Johann Michael was also father to the Maria Barbara who became Johann Sebastian's first wife. He too worked in the town of Arnstadt where the 18-year-old Johann Sebastian took up his first post in what is now appropriately known as the 'Bach Church'. Doubtless J.M. Bach's production was no less industrious than his brother, if scarcely matching his nephew, but the only extant organ works are chorale settings - 24 of them - which elaborate flowing counterpoint over and around the familiar hymn melodies such as In dulci jubilo and Ich ruf zu dir, Herr Jesu Christ. On this release, Stefano Molardi plays a finely preserved instrument from 1732-37 by Franciscus Volckland in the Cruciskirche of Erfurt, just a quarter-hour's car drive from Arnstadt. In considering the fourth volume of Molardi's Bach survey (BC95005), Early Music Review took note of the Erfurt organ's striking variety of tone colour, and praised his playing for its 'considerable clarity' and lack of histrionics, 'without extremes of registration or tempi - just what you need for the purposes of study or reference.' A FIRST RECORDING: the complete organ works by Johann Michael and Johann Christoph Bach! Johann Michael (1648-1694) and Johann Christoph (1642-1703) were brothers, and nephew of the great Johann Sebastian. The daughter of Johann Michael was Maria Barbara, the first wife of Johann Sebastian, and therefore mother of both Carl Philipp Emanuel and Wilhelm Friedemann Bach. The Bach dynasty held a long tradition of composers and performers. Both brothers were firmly rooted in the Central German organ school, with a strong emphasis on counterpoint, while also under the Italian influence of vocal melodies and fluent lines. The greatest part of both brother's oeuvre consists of Choralvorspiele, while Johann Christoph wrote some substantial variation cycles. Played on the historic 1732 Volckland organ of the Cruciskirche in Erfurt, Germany, by Stefano Molardi, one of the foremost organists of Italy, whose Kuhnau recording for Brilliant Classics was longlisted for the Preis der deutschen Schallplattenkritik.

Anbieter: Thalia AT
Stand: 10.08.2020
Zum Angebot
Is there a sensitive period in second language ...
10,99 € *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

Seminar paper from the year 2011 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 1,0, University of Erfurt (Philosophische Fakultät - Fachbereich Anglistik), course: Second Language Acquisition, language: English, abstract: 'A tree must be bent while it is young.' (Proverb) Proverbs usually have an element of truth. The German speakers will certainly also know the German equivalent 'Was Hänschen nicht lernt, lernt Hans nimmermehr.' Do these proverbs also apply to the acquisition of a second language? Are young learners trees that 'must be bent' before they are too old to reach a certain language proficiency? In first and second language research, the concept of a 'critical period' respectively of a 'sensitive period' was developed to explain probable advantages of children in the process of language acquisition. The aim of this term paper is to find out whether there is a sensitive period for second language learning and to explore possible explanatory approaches. Within this research, the 'Critical Period Hypothesis' (CPH) represents the major focus. According to this hypothesis, 'there is a period during which language acquisition is easy and complete (i.e. native-speaker ability is achieved) and beyond which it is difficult and typically incomplete' (ELLIS, 1997: 67). This means, it is assumed that language learners must begin at an early age to learn a language in order to reach native-like proficiency. Generally, empirical data from course books, handbook articles and journal articles as well as commentaries by different authors are used in order to follow the research question up. First, a framework concerning the origins of the idea of a sensitive period from first language acquisition, and the clarification of particular terms will be created. Then, the distinction between possible advantages of young learners in natural as well as instructional settings will be of interest. The findings on a critical or sensitive period have also found their ways into the pedagogical practice. It is obvious that especially bilingual kindergartens, that promote an early start in language learning in general, will somehow refer to the idea of a sensitive period in second language acquisition. Therefore, the second part of this term paper will present an analysis of pedagogical concepts of these kinds of day care institutions with respect to the integration of this idea. Website information of different bilingual kindergartens will serve as sources.

Anbieter: Thalia AT
Stand: 10.08.2020
Zum Angebot
Complete Organ Music
22,90 CHF *
zzgl. 3,50 CHF Versand

A previous Brilliant Classics release from the organist Sergio Militello (BC94483) offered an attractive taster course to the music of the most distinguished family in music history. Now, having recorded the complete organ works of both the family's supreme craftsman and genius (BC95105), and a North-German predecessor Johann Kuhnau (BC95089), Stefano Molardi turns his attention to two earlier members of the Bach family who have inevitably been obscured by the shadow cast by Johann Sebastian. In fact as uncle to JS, Johann Christoph Bach exercised a significant influence over his musical education, as composer, organist and indeed organ-designer. Sacred vocal works such as the Requiem have been revived in recent times, but the scant surviving proportion of his keyboard music has received too little critical attention. They comprise a prelude and fugue, and three cycles of variations on chorales. The 'free' pieces reveal an inventive spirit, fantasy, a certain skill in handling counterpoint and the use of expressive devices which show him no less open than his nephew to the exuberant vitality of the Italian tradition represented by Frescobaldi and Monteverdi. Brother of Johann Christoph, Johann Michael was also father to the Maria Barbara who became Johann Sebastian's first wife. He too worked in the town of Arnstadt where the 18-year-old Johann Sebastian took up his first post in what is now appropriately known as the 'Bach Church'. Doubtless J.M. Bach's production was no less industrious than his brother, if scarcely matching his nephew, but the only extant organ works are chorale settings - 24 of them - which elaborate flowing counterpoint over and around the familiar hymn melodies such as In dulci jubilo and Ich ruf zu dir, Herr Jesu Christ. On this release, Stefano Molardi plays a finely preserved instrument from 1732-37 by Franciscus Volckland in the Cruciskirche of Erfurt, just a quarter-hour's car drive from Arnstadt. In considering the fourth volume of Molardi's Bach survey (BC95005), Early Music Review took note of the Erfurt organ's striking variety of tone colour, and praised his playing for its 'considerable clarity' and lack of histrionics, 'without extremes of registration or tempi - just what you need for the purposes of study or reference.' A FIRST RECORDING: the complete organ works by Johann Michael and Johann Christoph Bach! Johann Michael (1648-1694) and Johann Christoph (1642-1703) were brothers, and nephew of the great Johann Sebastian. The daughter of Johann Michael was Maria Barbara, the first wife of Johann Sebastian, and therefore mother of both Carl Philipp Emanuel and Wilhelm Friedemann Bach. The Bach dynasty held a long tradition of composers and performers. Both brothers were firmly rooted in the Central German organ school, with a strong emphasis on counterpoint, while also under the Italian influence of vocal melodies and fluent lines. The greatest part of both brother's oeuvre consists of Choralvorspiele, while Johann Christoph wrote some substantial variation cycles. Played on the historic 1732 Volckland organ of the Cruciskirche in Erfurt, Germany, by Stefano Molardi, one of the foremost organists of Italy, whose Kuhnau recording for Brilliant Classics was longlisted for the Preis der deutschen Schallplattenkritik.

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 10.08.2020
Zum Angebot